Alexander Ivanovich Arutyunov - a famous surgeon of the Soviet period. He was the director of such educational institutions as: the Institute of Neurosurgery of the Ukrainian SSR (from 1950 to 1964) and the Institute of Neurosurgery named after N. N. Burdenko (from 1964 to 1975). Also Arutyunov Alexander Ivanovich was awarded the title of Academician of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences in 1967, Hero of Socialist Labor in 1974, and in 1954 he was recognized as an Honored Scientist of the Ukrainian SSR. A. I. Arutyunov is considered Armenian by nationality.
Alexander Ivanovich Arutyunov: biography
Born in Yerevan on 12/21/1903. In the city of Rostov-on-Don, he graduated from the North Caucasian University in 1929.
Immediately after graduating from university, I worked as a doctor for a year in a regular district clinic in the Mari Republic. In 1930, Alexander Ivanovich Arutyunov was invited to work as a surgeon in the clinic of N. A. Bogoraz, which was located in Rostov-on-Don. But he worked there for a very short time. In 1932, he became a graduate student at the N. N. Burdenko polyclinic. Upon graduation, he was a practicing doctor at the Neurosurgical Institute until the beginning of the Second World War, at the same time he worked as a doctor at the Central Research Institute, and also held the position of head of the department of neurosurgery inpolyclinic of S. P. Botkin.
During the Great Patriotic War, he was an active surgeon of the 6th and 9th Southern Front Armies, since 1941 he was the main surgeon of the front in the North. Caucasus, since 1943 he was a surgeon of the South-Western and 3rd Ukrainian Front. In 1945 he was a consultant at the Main Military Investigation Department.
Since 1945, he was the head of the Department of Neurosurgery at Kyiv University, 5 years later he was on the list of organizers of the Ukrainian Research Institute. In 1964 he became director of the N. N. Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute.
In 1967 he was on the list of academicians of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences.
The life and work of Alexander Ivanovich Arutyunov took place in the city of Moscow. The scientist died in 1975 and was buried at the Novodevichy Cemetery.
Alexander Ivanovich Arutyunov wrote more than 200 scientific papers, as well as 4 monographs.
The vascular pathology of the brain of the head and the work on its diagnosis, as well as the clinical pathophysiology of the blood circulation of the brain, were at the center of the scientist's research activities in the last years of his life. He paid close attention to military surgery for gunshot wounds. For the first time, it was he who put forward methods for the treatment of hemorrhagic strokes and the introduction of antibiotics into the brain during surgical treatment. In addition to this, he de alt with the diagnosis and treatment of brain tumors, its inflammation and methods of treating severe pain. Alexander Ivanovich developed methods for treating cerebral aneurysms. All thishis major scientific work is devoted to questions. The work en titled "Surgical Treatment of Cerebral Strokes" was written in 1965.
All of his brain surgeries for basal meningiomas, pituitary tumors were successful, thanks to his vast knowledge in these areas and mastery of surgical techniques.
Alexander Ivanovich was:
- chief neurosurgeon of the Ministry of He alth of the USSR;
- representative of the All-Union Society of Neurosurgery Scientists;
- Chairman of the All-Union Commission on Problems Devoted to Surgery of the Nervous System;
- elected First Vice-President, and then President of the World Organization, uniting neurosurgical societies of scientists.
Arutyunov had a large number of state awards, including the Order of the Red Star, which he received in 1940, and the Order of the Red Banner, presented to him in 1942 and 1944, and many others.
It is simply impossible to list all of his achievements and awards within the framework of the article.
Alexander Ivanovich Arutyunov, whose photo you can see below, was a prominent figure in medicine and he althcare. The works of the scientist cover a variety of methods of treatment and diagnosis. The scientist made a tremendous contribution to the development of medicine.
His works are still in demand, and the name of A. I. Arutyunov is well-known and is consideredrespected in medical circles. Arutyunov Alexander Ivanovich is considered an honored neurosurgeon of the Soviet period. During his life he held a large number of honorary positions, was awarded many awards. He was not only a great scientist, but also a practitioner, he performed a large number of successful operations.