Fractional mesotherapy is a hardware technique for rejuvenating the skin of the face and body, involving the introduction of microinjections under the skin, which may consist of vitamins, drugs and minerals. During this process, microzones of the skin surface are pierced, which make up no more than 20% of the area of the treated problem area. The puncture is made by a set of the thinnest needles with a bevelled edge at a high rate to a shallow depth, which minimizes the trauma of this procedure.
Principles of the technique
Fractional microneedle mesotherapy forms microinjection zones with a width of about three hundred microns and a depth of 0.5 to four millimeters. The penetration depth depends on the type of damage being treated and is set by the attending physician as a parameter of the computerprograms, since the penetration into wrinkles or post-acne craters, for example, is different, for an optimal result. Fractional mesotherapy is used in the treatment of diseases such as:
- wide pores;
- acne scars;
- age-related gravitational ptosis in the neck, face or chin;
- pigment disorders (melasma, sun spots, age spots);
- thin skin with mesh wrinkles;
- scars after surgical and other operations;
- striae (stretch marks) after pregnancy, weight loss or hormonal changes;
- flabby skin of the eyelids, neck, décolleté, hands, etc.
Contraindications for use
Restrictions for this fairly quick, effective and painless procedure also exist. Fractional facial mesotherapy, reviews of which are mostly positive, is not performed if the patient underwent chemical peeling less than two weeks before therapy, has atopic dermatitis, is pregnant, suffers from epilepsy, herpes or psoriasis. In addition, the procedure is not prescribed for inflammatory processes in the area to be treated, and for colds accompanied by fever.
Due to what happens skin regeneration?
Fractional mesotherapy of the face and other parts of the body, in addition to transporting nutrients deep into the skin, also has a microtraumatic effect on tissues, which leads to theirsubsequent active regeneration. The device’s impact site is a separate treatment zone, around which there are so-called “mobilization zones” (he althier skin), from which stem cells will “go” to the problem area after the procedure, which are the body’s reserve, helping the skin recover from damage.
The processes in the skin caused by fractional microneedle mesotherapy are very interesting. After treatment of the site, aseptic inflammation occurs in it, during which the damaged structures, as well as blood cells, collagen, melanin and elastin from the problem area are destroyed by macrophages. Fibroplasts are sent from the mobilization zone to the regeneration zone, which “repair” the basal layer in a day and carry out the formation of new collagen and elastin, from which a new cell frame is obtained. Such rates of recovery make it possible to reduce the rehabilitation period to several hours (you can apply cosmetics and shave the very next day), during which the skin actively absorbs the nutrients used to treat a particular process.
Procedures will need several
Fractional mesotherapy allows you to treat only a fifth of the problem area at a time, so 4-5 procedures may be needed to fully restore the damaged area, which are performed at intervals of 10-12 days. During this period, the recovery processes in the skin are completed, and it is ready for the next treatment.session. The device for fractional microneedle mesotherapy installed in a particular salon may differ slightly from its “brothers” in terms of its characteristics.
Main characteristics of mesotherapy machines
For example, the Korean sample "Dermopen EDR-02" has an adjustable needle length, from 0.2 to 2 millimeters, it is equipped with cartridges with a dozen sterile needles that can also penetrate the skin at an adjustable speed - up to 2400 punctures in one minute. The penetration density of the device into the skin is quite high - 12 needles per 0.2 square centimeter, which allows the procedure to be carried out with the least pain for the patient. The device makes it possible to treat large surfaces at a high pace, giving clients the opportunity to treat the skin on the body and face in one session.
Use not only for face and body
The more expensive fractional mesotherapy device Z X 12-13, also produced in Korea, has approximately the same characteristics as Dermopen EDR-02. The Z X 12-13 device is distinguished by a lower cost of cartridges that can be disinfected for several procedures for one client, while for Dermopen EDR-02 only one-time options are provided. The device "Z-X 12-13" acts on the skin with 12 microneedles, which give out a maximum adjustable speed of 3600 beats per minute, which allows it to be used in mesotherapy of the scalp and give increased efficiency in the treatment of stretch marks. Depthpenetration of the apparatus is still the same 0.2-2.0 mm. An additional advantage of the device is the possibility of battery operation.
The device of fractional mesotherapy "Raffin" is known among specialists as a device with the thinnest needles with stylet sharpening. They penetrate the skin by only 0.3-0.8 mm, which allows for procedures without local anesthesia, even on the face. The device is equipped with a sufficiently powerful Japanese motor and gives up to 2400 injections per minute, which allows not only to treat the skin from scars and stretch marks, but also to get good results with cellulite, rosacea, atonic skin (increased nutrition), etc.
Does it hurt or not?
The most inexpensive are salon procedures performed on the Mi-m apparatus, which itself is inexpensive. A feature of this device is rather thick needles that penetrate tissues to a depth of 2 mm at a speed of 10 to 30 movements per second. The procedure can be quite painful, but the discomfort depends on the level of the patient's own pain threshold. As a rule, fractional mesotherapy does not leave marks on the treated surface, but in some cases, slight swelling is possible, which, however, quickly disappear.
The result is not always guaranteed
When visiting a salon, clients, as a rule, do not pay attention to which fractional mesotherapy device is used. The feedback given afterwards is sometimes negative as the girls don't get what they want.result. This is possible in the case when an unscrupulous cosmetologist, using the device, for example, did not take into account that post-acne pits can be much deeper than the needles of the device. But in general, the impressions of this procedure in women are more than positive, as the skin becomes fresh, toned, elastic without surgical intervention.
Mesotherapy at home
Can fractional mesotherapy be done at home? Reviews of mesoscooters - mechanical devices for individual use - indicate that such operations are possible, but they are less effective than salon procedures. When using the mesoscooter, you need to remember that it should be disinfected after use with hydrogen peroxide, medical alcohol or special liquids and sprays, do not steam or use other high-temperature methods (autoclave, etc.), do not drop it, as this can damage the thinnest needles, which in further lead to injuries of the treated skin.
Ah, that "magic" hyaluronic acid
Drugs for fractional mesotherapy, used in salons and at home, are most often based on hyaluronic acid. It is a synthetic substance of non-animal origin, which, when administered, promotes the formation of a protective film that resists environmental influences, which determines the level of moisture in the skin, gives the skin elasticity, smoothes wrinkles, and promotes healing.wounds without scarring. The maximum concentration of natural hyaluronic acid in the body occurs in young years (up to 25 years) due to its natural synthesis. This is why young people have such beautiful and fresh faces.
Users report that after using hyaluronic acid-based meso-cocktails, improvements in skin color and firmness are almost immediately visible, which can last up to several months, after which the procedure must be repeated. For a longer-term effect, mesotherapy should be carried out in courses of several procedures, which is considered by many ladies as quite an expensive pleasure (one procedure on the face can cost from 2500 rubles). But at the same time, it should be borne in mind that the price of the service, among other things, includes the work of a cosmetologist, whose qualifications almost always determine the result of skin manipulations. For example, not many people know that the same hyaluronic acid preparations cannot be applied with home rollers directly into the inner corners of the eyes, so as not to harm the lacrimal glands.
In the preparations based on hyaluronic acid offered in salons and stores, for example NCTF, there are also vitamins (C, E, A), mineral-s alt complexes that promote scar resorption, etc. Complexes with peptide are offered to smooth wrinkles argiregine, which relaxes the muscles. Mesotherapy lotions used to treat alopecia contain plankton extracts, and acne gels contain active sulfur compounds.With the help of fractional mesotherapy devices, you can also get rid of dark circles under the eyes if you use a solution of hyaluronic acid in combination with vitamins and troxerutin. Only a highly qualified specialist can choose the right drug and carry out all the necessary manipulations.
Get rid of stars and dark circles
In addition, fractional mesotherapy, reviews of which are more often positive than negative, allows you to get rid of puffiness (solutions with artichoke), spider veins (drugs based on ginkgo biloba), increase tone (mesococktails, including melilito and rutin), reduce the size of the "breeches" or "second chin" through the use of concentrates with L-kartinin or lipolytic caffeine.
The above preparations are often diluted to the desired concentration with a bioactivator (2% procaine), which reduces the concentration of nutrients to the required level and reduces the pain of home or salon rejuvenation procedures. In addition, users often buy special disinfectants if they use their own individual mesoscooters, which are subject to thorough sterilization before each procedure.
The average rating for the mesotherapy procedure, obtained from surveys of Russian ladies, is about 4 out of five possible. There are both completely negative (the skin condition has not changed, the manipulations are painful, the cost is high), and rave reviews about rejuvenation for a dozen years, painlessness and the acceptability of high prices.for such a wonderful operation.